Scientific Papers

Filter by:

2016
0

Energy drink consumption, health complaints and late bedtime among young adolescents

Caffeine and other diuretics, Scientific papers

, , , ,

OBJECTIVES: Energy drinks contain large amounts of caffeine. Their effects on adolescent well-being are poorly known. We examined the relationship of energy drink consumption with health complaints and late bedtime among 13-year-olds. METHODS: A classroom survey was conducted on all 7th graders in the Helsinki metropolitan region, Finland (73 % responded; n = 9446). Logistic regression analysis and […]

Read more


2016
0

Does a Water Protocol Improve the Hydration and Health Status of Individuals with Thin Liquid Aspiration Following Stroke? A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Scientific papers, Stroke

, , , , ,

The benefit of water protocols for individuals with thin liquid aspiration remains controversial, with mixed findings from a small number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This study aimed to contribute to the evidence of the effectiveness of water protocols with a particular emphasis on health outcomes, especially hydration. An RCT was conducted with patients with […]

Read more


2016
0

Age, Dehydration, Respiratory Failure, Orientation Disturbance, and Blood Pressure Score Predicts In-hospital Mortality in HIV-negative Non-multidrug-resistant Smear-positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Japan.

Hydration and health, Scientific papers

, ,

The A-DROP scoring system was originally designed to assess clinical severity of community acquired pneumonia using the following parameters: advanced Age, Dehydration, Respiratory failure, Orientation disturbance (confusion); and, low blood Pressure. Total A-DROP score ranges zero to five assigning one point for each component, wherein five indicates the poorest prognosis. The purpose of this single-center […]

Read more


2016
0

Hydration: The New FIFA World Cup’s Challenge for Referee Decision Making?

Exercise and sport, Scientific papers

, , ,

Various continental sporting events have exposed team sports referees to different environmental conditions. Several studies have focused on strategies to prevent athlete performance impairment induced by heat or warm (or both) conditions, but few authors have investigated the effect of heat on referees’ performance. In a thermoneutral environment, referees’ physical activity induced mild 2.0% dehydration, […]

Read more


2016
0

Energy Drink Use Among Ohio Appalachian Smokers.

Caffeine and other diuretics, Scientific papers

, , , , , ,

Caffeine-containing energy drinks have emerged as a public health concern due to their association with caffeine toxicity and alcohol use. Despite the fact that previous research has linked caffeine use in the form of coffee drinking to smoking, there is little research examining the association between energy drinks and smoking. The present study examines demographic […]

Read more


2016
0

Water and beverage consumption among children aged 4-13 years in France: analyses of INCA 2 (Étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires 2006-2007) data

Scientific papers, Water intakes, contribution of the diet

, , ,

OBJECTIVE: To examine the consumption of plain water among children in France and compare total water intakes with guidelines issued by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). DESIGN: Nationally representative data were used to assess food, beverage and water consumption by sex, age group (4-8 years, 9-13 years), income-to-poverty ratio, eating occasion and location. Beverages […]

Read more


2016
0

The Effect of Hydration on the Voice Quality of Future Professional Vocal Performers.

Occupational tasks, Scientific papers

, , , ,

OBJECTIVES: The application of systemic hydration as an instrument for optimal voice quality has been a common practice by several professional voice users over the years. Although the physiological action has been determined, the benefits on acoustic and perceptual characteristics are relatively unknown. The present study aimed to determine whether systemic hydration has beneficial outcomes […]

Read more


2016
0

Associations Between Dehydration, Cognitive Impairment, and Frailty in Older Hospitalized Patients: An Exploratory Study.

Age and the elderly, Scientific papers

,

The current exploratory study (a) assessed the prevalence of dehydration in older adults (age ≥60 years) with and without cog nitive impairment (CI) admitted to the hospital; and (b) examined associations between dehydration, CI, and frailty. Forty-four patients participated and dehydration was assessed within 24 hours of admission and at Day 4 or discharge (whichever […]

Read more


2016
0

The effect of hypohydration on endothelial function in young healthy adults.

Hydration and health, Scientific papers

, , , ,

PURPOSE: Hypohydration has been suggested as a predisposing factor for several pathologies including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). While CVD are the leading cause of death worldwide, no study has investigated whether acute hypohydration affects endothelial function and cardiovascular function. METHODS: Ten young, healthy males participated in this crossover study (age: 24.3 ± 2.3 year; weight: 80.8 ± 5.3 kg; BMI: 24.3 ± 0.4 kg m-2). Each […]

Read more


2016
0

Reliability of 24-h void frequency as an index of hydration status when euhydrated and hypohydrated.

Assessment methodologies, Scientific papers

,

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Void frequency (VF) is significantly correlated to hydration status, but it is unknown whether VF is reliable when an individual is repeatedly euhydrated (EU) or hypohydrated (HY). The purpose of this study was to test the reliability of VF when individuals were EU or HY on multiple occasions. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fourteen males (age 22±2 years, […]

Read more

Page 1 of 189