Category Archives for Exercise and sport

Exercise-associated hyponatremic encephalopathy and exertional heatstroke in a soldier: high rates of fluid intake during exercise caused rather than prevented a fatal outcome

TITLE: Exercise-associated hyponatremic encephalopathy and exertional heatstroke in a soldier: high rates of fluid intake during exercise caused rather than prevented a fatal outcome AUTHOR: Nolte HW1, Hew-Butler T, Noakes TD, Duvenage CS REFERENCE: Phys Sportsmed. 2015 Jan 14:1-6. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2015 Athletes are often advised to drink in order to “fully replace bodyweight losses” in […]

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Manipulations to the Alcohol and Sodium Content of Beer for Post Exercise Rehydration

TITLE: Manipulations to the Alcohol and Sodium Content of Beer for Post Exercise Rehydration AUTHOR: Desbrow B1, Cecchin D, Jones A, Grant G, Irwin C, Leveritt M. REFERENCE: Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2015 Jan 14. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2015 The addition of 25 mmol·L-1 sodium to low alcohol (2.3% ABV) beer has been shown to […]

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Sports nutrition needs: before, during, and after exercise.

TITLE: Sports nutrition needs: before, during, and after exercise. AUTHOR: Zoorob R, Parrish ME, O’Hara H, Kalliny M. REFERENCE: Prim Care. 2013 Jun;40(2):475-86. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2013 This article discusses how athletes should properly fuel their bodies before, during, and after exercise to maximize athletic performance. Emphasis is placed on hydration status and glycogen stores being maintained above deficits […]

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Effects of a competitive wrestling season on body composition, endocrine markers, and anaerobic exercise performance in NCAA collegiate wrestlers.

TITLE: Effects of a competitive wrestling season on body composition, endocrine markers, and anaerobic exercise performance in NCAA collegiate wrestlers. AUTHOR: Ratamess NA, Hoffman JR, Kraemer WJ, Ross RE, Tranchina CP, Rashti SL, Kelly NA, Vingren JL, Kang J, Faigenbaum AD. REFERENCE: Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013 May;113(5):1157-68. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2013 Few data exist examining the […]

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Effect of preexercise soup ingestion on water intake and fluid balance during exercise in the heat.

TITLE: Effect of preexercise soup ingestion on water intake and fluid balance during exercise in the heat. AUTHOR: Johannsen NM, Sullivan ZM, Warnke NR, Smiley-Oyen AL, King DS, Sharp RL. REFERENCE: Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2013 Jun;23(3):287-96. YEAR: 2013 Purpose: To determine whether chicken noodle soup before exercise increases ad libitum water intake, fluid balance, and physical […]

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Ad libitum fluid intake does not prevent dehydration in suboptimally hydrated young soccer players during a training session of a summer camp.

TITLE: Ad libitum fluid intake does not prevent dehydration in suboptimally hydrated young soccer players during a training session of a summer camp. AUTHOR: Arnaoutis G, Kavouras SA, Kotsis YP, Tsekouras YE, Makrillos M, Bardis CN. REFERENCE: Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2013 Jun;23(3):245-51. YEAR: 2013 There is a lack of studies concerning hydration status of young athletes […]

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Dehydration and acute weight gain in mixed martial arts fighters before competition

TITLE: Dehydration and acute weight gain in mixed martial arts fighters before competition AUTHOR: Jetton AM, Lawrence MM, Meucci M, Haines TL, Collier SR, Morris DM, Utter AC. REFERENCE: J Strength Cond Res. 2013 May;27(5):1322-6. YEAR: 2013 The purpose of this study was to characterize the magnitude of acute weight gain (AWG) and dehydration in mixed martial arts (MMA) […]

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Case Study: Nutrition and Hydration Status During 4254km of Running Over 78 Consecutive Days

TITLE: Case Study: Nutrition and Hydration Status During 4254km of Running Over 78 Consecutive Days AUTHOR: Dempster S, Britton R, Murray A, Costa R JS. REFERENCE: Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2013 Apr 18. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2013 The aims of this study were to assess the dietary intake and monitor self-reported recovery quality and clinical […]

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Whole-Body Heat Loss during Exercise in the Heat Is Not Impaired in Type 1 Diabetes.

Purpose: To determine if individuals with type 1 diabetes exhibit impairments in local and whole-body heat loss responses that could impact core temperature regulation during exercise in the heat compared to matched, non-diabetic individuals. Methods: Twelve otherwise healthy individuals with type 1 diabetes (HbA1c = 7.7±0.3%) and 12 controls matched for age, sex, body surface […]

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What Do Athletes Drink During Competitive Sporting Activities?

TITLE: What Do Athletes Drink During Competitive Sporting Activities? AUTHOR: Garth AK, Burke LM. REFERENCE: Sports Med. 2013 Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2013 Although expert groups have developed guidelines for fluid intake during sports, there is debate about their real-world application. We reviewed the literature on self-selected hydration strategies during sporting competitions to determine what is […]

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