Category Archives for Physical performance

The structure and mechanical properties of articular cartilage are highly resilient towards transient dehydration

TITLE: The structure and mechanical properties of articular cartilage are highly resilient towards transient dehydration AUTHOR: Boettcher K, Kienle S, Nachtsheim J, Burgkart R, Hugel T, Lieleg O. REFERENCE: Acta Biomater. 2015 Sep 30. pii: S1742-7061(15)30127-6. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.09.034. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2015 Articular cartilage is a mechanically highly challenged material with very limited regenerative ability. In contrast […]

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Nutrient and food intakes in early life and risk of childhood fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis

TITLE: Nutrient and food intakes in early life and risk of childhood fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis AUTHOR: Händel MN, Heitmann BL, Abrahamsen B. REFERENCE: Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Oct 7. pii: ajcn108456. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2015 BACKGROUND: The identification of detrimental dietary patterns early in life may contribute to reducing the high incidence of […]

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The Effect of Post-Exercise Milk Protein Intake on Rehydration of Children

TITLE: The Effect of Post-Exercise Milk Protein Intake on Rehydration of Children AUTHOR: Volterman KA, Moore DR, Obeid J, Offord EA, Timmons BW. YEAR: 2015 PURPOSE: In adults, rehydration after exercise in the heat can be enhanced with a protein-containing beverage; however, whether this applies to children remains unknown. This study examined the effect of milk protein intake […]

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DEHYDRATION ACCELERATES REDUCTIONS IN CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW DURING PROLONGED EXERCISE IN THE HEAT WITHOUT COMPROMISING BRAIN METABOLISM

TITLE: DEHYDRATION ACCELERATES REDUCTIONS IN CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW DURING PROLONGED EXERCISE IN THE HEAT WITHOUT COMPROMISING BRAIN METABOLISM AUTHOR: Trangmar SJ, Chiesa ST, Llodio I, Garcia B, Kalsi K, Secher NH, González-Alonso J. REFERENCE: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2015 Sep 14:ajpheart.00525.2015. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00525.2015. [Epub ahead of print] YEAR: 2015 Dehydration hastens the decline in cerebral blood flow (CBF) […]

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Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery

TITLE: Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery AUTHOR: Beck KL, Thomson JS, Swift RJ, von Hurst PR. REFERENCE: Open Access J Sports Med. 2015 Aug 11;6:259-67. doi: 10.2147/OAJSM.S33605. eCollection 2015. Review YEAR: 2015 A number of factors contribute to success in sport, and diet is a key component. An athlete’s dietary requirements depend on several aspects, […]

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Heat-related illness in sports and exercise

TITLE: Heat-related illness in sports and exercise AUTHOR: Nichols AW. REFERENCE: Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2014 Dec;7(4):355-65. doi: 10.1007/s12178-014-9240-0. YEAR: 2015 Exertional heat-related illness (EHRI) is comprised of several states that afflict physically active persons when exercising during conditions of high environmental heat stress. Certain forms of EHRI may become life threatening if not treated. Exertional heat stroke (EHS), […]

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Comparing the rehydration potential of different milk-based drinks to a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage

TITLE: Comparing the rehydration potential of different milk-based drinks to a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage AUTHOR: Desbrow B, Jansen S, Barrett A, Leveritt MD, Irwin C REFERENCE: Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2014 Dec;39(12):1366-72. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2014-0174. Epub 2014 Aug 14. YEAR: 2015 The aim of this study was to compare the rehydration potential of a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage with several varieties of milk […]

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Training and technical assistance for compliance with beverage and physical activity components of New York City’s regulations for early child care centers

TITLE: Training and technical assistance for compliance with beverage and physical activity components of New York City’s regulations for early child care centers AUTHOR: Kakietek J, Dunn L, O’Dell SA, Jernigan J, Kettel Khan L. REFERENCE: Prev Chronic Dis. 2014 Oct 16;11:E177. doi: 10.5888/pcd11.130434. YEAR: 2014 INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene […]

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Insights and implications for health departments from the evaluation of New York City’s regulations on nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in child care centers

TITLE: Insights and implications for health departments from the evaluation of New York City’s regulations on nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in child care centers AUTHOR: Nonas C, Silver LD, Kettel Khan L. REFERENCE: Prev Chronic Dis. 2014 Oct 16;11:E178. doi: 10.5888/pcd11.130429. YEAR: 2014 In 2006, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, seeking to […]

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Measurement of compliance with New York City’s regulations on beverages, physical activity, and screen time in early child care centers

TITLE: Measurement of compliance with New York City’s regulations on beverages, physical activity, and screen time in early child care centers AUTHOR: Lessard L, Lesesne C, Kakietek J, Breck A, Jernigan J, Dunn L, Nonas C, O’Dell SA, Stephens RL, Xu Y, Kettel Khan L. REFERENCE: Prev Chronic Dis. 2014 Oct 16;11:E183. doi: 10.5888/pcd11.130433. YEAR: 2014 INTRODUCTION: Policy interventions […]

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